Hi. I have seen this post by SteveTX in a discussion of VPN's: 1. Is it really possible to chain VPN's just like other proxies can be chained? Because the free VPN I know comes with an executable that creates a special connection through a device called "TAP-Win32 Adapter V9" and thereafter all access to the internet is through that special connection. Would a second VPN provider create a second special connection to the same device? Would the result be encryption occurring in a nested manner, encryption within encryption? Would both VPN providers see the plaintext, or just the second? 2. I have an idea. The special connection created by the first VPN could be set up to have windows ics enabled (internet connection sharing) so other computers in my private lan can all access the internet through the VPN. Now if one of these other computers has the executable of another VPN provider installed, so it accesses the internet through its VPN which would be forced to go through the first VPN. Is this VPN chaining or VPN nesting? Would both VPN providers see the plaintext, or just the second? 3. If only one VPN provider can see the plaintext, then is this any worse than TOR where only the exit node can see the plaintext? 4. If I set up my own VPN provider at a free unix account somewhere, and use that as the last VPN provider in the nest, so only this server can see the plaintext, am I better off than TOR? Or are free unix accounts honeypots just as bad as hostile TOR exit nodes?