Very interesting and candid article by Eugene Kaspersky on the current state of the virus industry - http://www.viruslist.com/en/analysis?pubid=174405517 "Today, malicious programs propagate so quickly that antivirus companies have to release updates as quickly as possible to minimize the amount of time that users will potentially be at risk. Unfortunately, many antivirus companies are unable to do this - users often receive updates once they are already infected. Let's assume that the virus manages to penetrate the victim machine, and the antivirus solution installed on the victim machine doesn't detect any suspicious activity. (This might be because of the quality of the solution itself, or because the user has been careless, and not downloaded the latest updates to the antivirus databases in good time.) Sooner or later, updates which detected the virus will be released - this means that the virus will be detected, but not necessarily defeated. To get rid of the virus once and for all, the infected files have to be carefully deleted from the victim machine. “Carefully” is the key word here, which brings us to the third problem connected with antivirus programs. Problem #3 The third problem faced by the antivirus industry is deleting malicious code detected on the victim machine. Very often viruses and Trojans are written in a way which enables them to hide their presence in the system and/ or to penetrate the system so deeply that deleting them is a complex task. Unfortunately, some antivirus programs are unable to delete malicious code and restore the data which has been modified by the virus without causing further problems. " This tells me that products like AD and RD are absolutely required. Right now in the popular press we hear all the time about virus products and protection. I wonder if 5 years from now the emphasis will be on application and registry protection products?