I decided to blow away the FrankenDebian I created on sda2. Its gone, but I have a Macrium Reflect Forensic backup so I can put it back in under 30 minutes (80 gig). Moving on. I am doing a 10.3 install (verified installer disk) of Debian on sda2. I am going to paste the process but feel free to skip to the bottom because that is where I am stuck. _______________________________________ LVM on Luks1 on sda2 and naming it Vault ** Boot up the Debian installer in expert mode [DEBCONFIG priority set to LOW] --> Load(space bar): mirror, crypto module, & rescue mode. Then – > Detect Disks and: ** [Before "Partition disks", hit Left-Alt-F2, and then …] ** modprobe dm-crypt cryptsetup luksFormat --type luks1 -c serpent-xts-plain64 -s 512 -h sha512 -i 25000 /dev/sda2 #create password and verify it cryptsetup open --type luks /dev/sda2 Vault # enter password pvcreate /dev/mapper/Vault # name is discretionary (Vault) vgcreate debian /dev/mapper/Vault lvcreate -L 15G debian -n root lvcreate -L 8G debian -n swap lvcreate -l 100%FREE debian -n home ** [Now Left-Alt-F1, and then …] ** Now proceed with partitioning from the menu. Remember to select all filesystems correctly and 4 mountpoints. [/, /home, swap, /boot] #device mapper will show them Install the base system, configure package manager, etc, etc. When it's almost finished, STOP, when the installer says "INSTALL GRUB BOOT LOADER ONTO A HARD DISK" STOP !!!!!!!!! ** [Now Left-Alt-F2, and then …] ** chroot /target /bin/bash nano /etc/crypttab #add in: Vault /dev/sda2 none luks exit 2 times, (Ctrl X) (confirm one line wrote – should see that note) [Now Left-Alt-F1, and then ...] Finish installation – > install bootloader directly on the USB flash which will show as an option. ________________________________________- I am getting the following error that I never received on my other installations: chroot: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory Reading around online until I get home. This appears to be a common error. The following suggestion seemed plausible and worked for another user. chroot: failed to run command ‘/bin/bash’: No such file or directory cp /bin/busybox bin/sh chroot /bin/sh ### works!(maybe no sudo) # / Does this solution seem reasonable? Any other suggestions? I know this is something simple because my machine is running 3 similarly created OS's, but they are a couple years old. My bios is set to legacy with CSM support. It came with UEFI but I don't use it. I don't know what has changed but I am reading about this in several places so something in the installer changed? BTW- as soon as I install this I will update to Buster immediately. This is a bare install with 9.12 because it offers a great expert mode installer.